Ethical alternatives to Microsoft Windows

If you’re using a PC, it’s probably running Microsoft Windows. Microsoft has come under sustained criticism for not respecting their users’ privacy. Just to give one example, by default Windows records everything you type and sends this to Microsoft, and Windows carries on sending your data to Microsoft even when you tell it not to.

The most famous alternative to Windows is Apple’s Mac line of computers. Apple have traditionally been good at privacy, but that seems to be changing now that they are entering the advertising business (which nowadays depends on extracting user data).

A better alternative is Purism, who make laptops designed entirely around giving the user as much privacy and open source software as possible. Purism are much better than Windows and Apple for privacy, but they are high-end machines so their prices are quite high too.

Thankfully, there are privacy-conscious easy-to-use alternatives which are free and can be installed on your existing PC.

 

Ubuntu

The best-supported, easiest to use alternative is called “Ubuntu”. It’s based on the open source Linux operating system, which is used on most of the computers that make up the internet. Here’s a video guided tour of the latest version (from the unofficial website OMG Ubuntu).

You can totally replace Windows with Ubuntu, or if you prefer you can keep Ubuntu and Windows on the same machine and choose one whenever you switch the computer on. This kind of side-by-side setup is called a “dual boot” system.

You can also buy laptops with Ubuntu pre-installed.

(By the way, Ubuntu is also useful for restoring slow old computers to working order. Because it’s better-written than Windows, Ubuntu can run on a wider range of machines including older ones. Many people use Ubuntu to extend the life of computers, which saves a lot of money and is good for the environment.)

 

INSTALLING UBUNTU ON YOUR COMPUTER

To install Ubuntu, you’ll need an Ubuntu USB memory stick, or (if your computer has a DVD drive) an Ubuntu DVD disc. You can order an Ubuntu USB stick or an Ubuntu DVD online.

(Alternatively, you can also download Ubuntu free and make the stick or disc yourself using a blank stick/disc, which is cheaper but is a bit more difficult to do.)

Once you’ve got your Ubuntu stick or disc, you can install it on your computer. The installation process is very simple and friendly: you can see a guide to installing Ubuntu on the official website.

 

BUYING A COMPUTER WITH UBUNTU PREINSTALLED

There are lots of shops online which sell PCs with Ubuntu preloaded. You buy it, switch it on and it works.

Some of the shops offer different versions of Ubuntu. Try to choose Ubuntu LTS. “LTS” stands for “Long Term Support”, which is a guarantee that there will be free updates available years into the future.

Here is a small selection of Ubuntu laptop stores:

System76 – Based in the USA, they also sell computers with their own operating system called Pop. However, you can choose Ubuntu at the checkout.

The Linux Laptop – Based in the USA, they sell name brand laptops (such as Dell, Asus, Acer etc) with Ubuntu preinstalled. Ship worldwide.

Entroware – Based in the UK, ship to Europe.

LinuxLaptop.be – Based in Belgium, ship to Europe.

Ekimia – Based in France, ship to Europe and elsewhere.

(You can see a much longer list of shops on LinuxPreloaded.com)

 

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